Military Law Bibliography

Courts of Criminal Appeals



Manual for Courts-Martial

Military Judge

Military Jurisdiction

Military Justice

Military Legal History


United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces


Courts of Criminal Appeals

Roger M. Currier & Irvin M. Kent, The Boards of Review of the Armed Services, 6 Vand. L. Rev. 241 (1953)

Jeffrey Lippert,  Automatic Appeal Under UCMJ Article 66: Time For a Change, 182 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (2004)

Matt C. Pinsker, Ending the Military Courts of Criminal Appeals De Novo Review of Findings of Fact, 47 Suffolk U.L. Rev. 471 (2014)

Jeremy Weber, Sentence Appropriateness Relief in the Courts of Criminal Appeals, 66 A.F. L. Rev. 79 (2010)

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William H. Cook, Courts-Martial: The Third System in American Criminal Law, 3 Ill. U.L.J. 1 (1978)

Robert D. Duke & Howard S. Vogel, The Constitution and the Standing Army: Another Problem of Court-Martial Jurisdiction, 13 Vand. L. Rev. 435 (1960)

Kenneth J. Hodson, Courts-Martial and the Commander, 10 San Diego L. Rev. 70 (1972)

Arthur J. Keefe, Universal Military Training With or Without Reform of Courts-Martial, 33 Cornell L. Rev. 465 (1948)

Archibald King, The Army Court-Martial System, 1941 Wis. L. Rev. 311 (1941)

Robert S. Pasley, Jr., & Felix E. Larkin, The Navy Court Martial: Proposals For Its Reform, 33 Cornell L. Q. 195 (1947)

Robert E. Quinn, Some Comparisons Between Courts-Martial and Civilian Practice, 15 UCLA L. Rev. 1240 (1968)

_______________, Court-Martial Practice: A View From the Top, 22 Hastings L. J. 201 (1971)

Charles W. Schiesser & Daniel H. Benson, A Proposal to Make Courts-Martial Courts: The Removal of Commanders From Military Justice, 7 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 559 (1976)

David A. Schlueter, The Court-Martial: An Historical Survey, 87 Mil. L. Rev. 129 (1980)

Michael I. Spak & Jonathan P. Tomes, Courts-Martial: Time To Play Taps, 28 SW. U. L. Rev. 481 (1999)

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Robert I. Alotta, Military Executions of the Union Army, 1861-1866 (1984) (Temple University)

Robert H. Berlin, The Administration of Military Justice in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, 1775-1783 (1976) (California, Santa Barbara)

Christopher A. Bray, Disobedience, Discipline, and the Contest for Order in the Early National New England Militia (2012) (University of California, Los Angeles)

Jacob W. Bucher, The Camouflage Collar: An Exploratory Study of Crime Among the Military (2009) (Emory University)

James H. Edmonson, Desertion in the American Army During the Revolutionary War (1971) (Louisiana State University)

Benjamin Feld, The United States Court of Military Appeals: A Study of the Origins and Early Development of the First Civilian Tribunal for Direct Review of Courts-Martial, 1951-1959 (1960) (Georgetown)

Henry Gabler, The Fitz John Porter Case: Politics and Military Justice (1971) (Grad. Center, CUNY)

William T. Generous, Swords and Scales: The Development of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (1971) (Stanford)

Elizabeth L. Hillman, Cold War Crime and American Military Culture: Courts-Martial in the United States Armed Forces, 1951-1973 (2001) (Yale University)

George F. Hofman, Major General Robert W. Grow: The News Media and the American Military Justice System: An Episode in Cold War Politics (1983) (Cincinnati)

Charles H. Hammond, Neither Lenient nor Draconian: The Evolution of French Military Justice during the Early Third Republic (2005) (California, Davis)

George W. Jernigan, The Courts of Military Review: Evolution of Judicial Institutions (1973) (Louisiana State University)

Mark W. Johnson, Where are the Regulars? An Analysis of Regular Army Recruiting and Enlistees, 1851-65 (2013) (SUNY)

John M. Lindley, A Soldier is Also a Citizen: The Controversy over Military Justice in the US Army, 1917-1920 (1974) (Duke)

James McGowen, Too Brave to Fight: American Conscientious Objectors and Military Justice during the First World War (2010) (California, Davis)

Roger G. Miller, Corrections and Rehabilitation in the U.S. Air Force, 1951-1985 (1987) (Indiana University)

Denny E. Pilant, A Peacetime Dilemma: The Legal Status of American Civilians Accompanying the Armed Forces Abroad (1964) (Duke University)

William P. Tatum, A Proper Submission: British Military Justice and Society, 1718-84 (2013) (Brown)

Robert Scott Stephenson, With Swords and Plowshares: British and American Military Society in the Trans-Allegheny West, 1754-74 (1998) (Virginia)

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Manual for Courts-Martial

Kevin J. Barry, Modernizing the Manual for Courts-Martial Rule-Making Process: A Work in Progress, 165 Mil. L. Rev. 237 (2000)

Kenneth J. Hodson, The Manual for Courts-Martial: 1984, 57 Mil. L. Rev. 11 (1972)

Gregory E. Meggs, Judicial Review of the Manual for Courts-Martial, 160 Mil. L. Rev. 96 (1999)

_______________, Cautious Skepticism About the Benefit of Adding More Formalities to the Manual for Courts-Martial Rule-Making Process: A Response to Captain Kevin J. Barry, 166 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (2000)

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Military Judge

Edmund J. Bodziak, The Law Officer Under the UCMJ, Authoritative Court of Military Appeals Concept, 16 JAG J. 3 (1962)

Henry A. Cretella & Norman B. Lynch, The Military Judge: Military or Judge, 9 Cal. W. L. Rev. 57 (1972)

Douglas, The Judicialization of Military Courts, 22 Hastings L.J. 213 (1971)

Fansu Ku, From Law Member to Military Judge: The Continuing Evolution of an Independent Trial Judiciary in the Twenty-First Century, 1999 Mil. L. Rev. 49 (2009)

Frederic Lederer & Barbara Hundley, Needed: An Independent Military Judiciary — A Proposal to Amend the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 3 Wm. & Mary Bill of Rts. J. 629 (1994)

Robert E. Miller, Who Made the Law Officer a “Federal Judge”, 4 Mil. L. Rev. 39 (1959)

Perkins, The Military Judge: Evolution of a Judiciary, 23 JAG J. 155 (1969)

Recend Developments, COMA Reexamines the Convening Authority and Military Judge Relationship: A Threat to the Judicialization of Military Justice, 59 Mil. L. Rev. 215 (1973)

Gilvert D. Stevenson, The Inherent Authority of the Military Judge, 17 A.F. L. Rev. 1 (1975)

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Military Jurisdiction

Coming Soon

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Military Justice

A Symposium on Military Justice, The Uniform Code of Military Justice, 1951-1961, 12 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (1961)

Lindsey N. Alleman, Who Is In Charge, and Who Should Be The Disciplinary Role of the Commander in Justice Systems, 16 Duke J. Comp. & Int’l  L. 169 (2006)

Samuel Ansell, Military Justice, 5 Cornell L. Q. 1 (1919)

_______________, Some Reforms in Our System of Military Justice, 32 Yale. L.J. 146 (1922)

Kevin J. Barry, A Face Lift (And Much More) For An Aging Beauty: The Cox Commission Recommendations to Rejuvenate the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 2002 L. Rev. M.S.U.-D.C.L.

James W. Bishop, The Case for Military Justice, 62 Mil. L. Rev. 215 (1973)

Stephen J. Carrol, A Proposal for Streamlining the Military Justice System, 36 Naval L. Rev. 187 (1986)

William A. Creech, Congress Looks to the Serviceman’s Rights, 49 A.B.A. J. 1070 (1963)

Robinson O. Everett, The New Look in Military Justice, 1973 Duke L.J. 649 (1973)

Andrew M. Ferris, Military Justice: Removing the Probability of Injustice, 63 U. Cin. L. Rev. 439 (1994)

Patrick Finnegan, Today’s Military Advocates: The Challenge of Fulfilling Our Nation’s Expectations For a Military Justice System That is Fair and Just, 195 Mil. L. Rev. 190 (2008)

Victor Hansen, Changes in Modern Military Codes and the Role of the Military Commander: What Should the United States Learn From This Revolution?, 16 Tul. J. Int’l & Comp. L. 419 (2008)

Kenneth J. Hodson, Military Justice: Abolish or Change, 22 U. Kan. L. Rev. 31 (1973)

_______________, Codified Military Injustice, 35 Cornell L. Q. 151 (1949)

Dennis Hunt, Trimming Military Jurisdiction: An Unrealistic Solution to Reforming Military Justice, 63 Crim. L.C. and P.S. 23 (1972)

Delmar Karlan, Civilian and Military Justice at the Appellate Level, 1968 Wis. L. Rev. 786 (1968)

Delmar Karlen & Louis H. Pepper, The Scope of Military Justice, 43 J. Crim. L. & Criminology & Police Sci. 285 (1952)

Arthur J. Keefe & Norton Moskin, Codified Military Injustice: An Analysis of the Defects in the New Uniform Code of Military Justice, 35 Cornell L. Qtrly 151 (1949)

Leading Case, Military Justice and Article III, 103 Harv. L. Rev. 1909 (1990)

Edmund Morgan, Court-Martial Jurisdiction Over Non-Military Persons Under the Articles of War, 4 Minn. L. Rev. 79 (1920)

Louis B. Nichols, The Justice of Military Justice, 12 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 482 (1971)

Daniel P. O’Hanlon, The Military Judicial System: Should It Be Brought Under Article III?, 2 L. & Soc. Ord. 329 (1972)

Thomas M. Rankin, The All Writs Act and the Military Justice System, 53 Mil. L. Rev. 103 (1971)

James Roan & Cynthia Buxton, The American Military Justice System in the New Millenium, 52 A.F. L. Rev. 18 (2002)

Henry B. Rothblatt, Military Justice: The Need for Change, 12 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 455 (1971)

Charles M. Schiesser & Daniel H. Benson, Modern Military Justice, 19 Cath. U. L. Rev. 489 (1970)

David Schlueter, The Military Justice Conundrum: Justice of Discipline, 215 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (2013)

_______________, Military Justice In the 1990s: A Legal System In Search Of Respect, 133 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (1991)

George D. Schrader, Military Justice: A System for the Seventies, 23 Air U. Rev. 49 (1972)

Edward F. Sherman, Congressional Proposals For Reform Of Military Law, 10 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 25 (1971)

_______________, Military Justice Without Military Control, 82 Yale L.J. 1398 (1973)

Michael I. Spak, Military Justice: The Oxymoron Of the 1980s, 20 Cal. W. L. Rev. 436 (1984)

William C. Westmoreland, Military Justice–A Commander’s Viewpoint, 10 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 8 (1971)

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Birch Bayh, The Military Justice Act of 1971: The Need for Legislative Reform, 10 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 9 (1971)

Blumenfeld, Court-Martial Jurisdiction Over Civilian Type Crimes, 10 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 51 (1971)

Terry W. Brown, The Crowder-Ansell Dispute: The Emergence of General Samuel T. Ansell, 35 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (1967)

Scott Bryant, American Military Justice From the Revolution to the UCMJ: The Hard Journey From Command Authority to Due Process, 4 Creighton Int’l & Comp. L.J. 1 (2013)

Comment, The Military Justice Act of 1968: Congress Takes Half-Steps Against Unlawful Command Influence, 18 Cath. U. L. Rev. 429 (1969)

John S. Cooke, Introduction: Fiftieth Anniversary of the Uniform Code of Military Justice Symposium Edition, 165 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (2000)

Walter T. Cox, The Army, The Courts, and the Constitution: The Evolution of Military Justice, 118 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (1987)

Gerald F. Crump, Part II: A History of the Structure of Military Justice in the United States, 1921-1966, 17 A.F. L. Rev. 55 (1975)

Sam Ervin, The Military Justice Act of 1968, 45 Mil. L. Rev. 77 (1968)

_______________, The Military Justice Act of 1968, 5 Wake Forest Intramural L. Rev. 223 (1949)

Robinson O. Everett, Military Justice in the Armed Forces of the United States (1968)

_______________, Feature, the 50th Anniversary of the Uniform Code: A Historical Look at Military Justice, 16 Crim. Just. 21 (2001)

Eugene Fidell, The Culture of Change in Military Law, 126 Mil. L. Rev. 125 (1989)

_______________, Going on Fifty: Evolution and Devolution in Military Justice, 32 Wake Forest L. Rev. 1213 (1997)

Joseph C. Fitzharris, Field Officer Courts and U.S. Civil War Military Justice, The Journal of Military History 68, no. 1 (2004): 47-72

Joshua Kastenberg, A Sesquicentennial Historic Analysis of Dynes v. Hoover and the Supreme Court’s Bow to Military Necessity: From Its Relationship to Dred Scott v. Sandford to Its Contemporary Influence, 39 U. Mem. L. Rev. 595 (2009)

Richard H. Kohn, ed., The United States Military Under the Constitution of the United States, 1789-1989 (1991)

Alfred F. Konefsky, The Accidental Legal Historian: Herman Melville and the History of American Law, 52 Buff. L. Rev. 1179 (2004)

Felix R. Larkin, Professor Edmund M. Morgan and the Drafting of the Code, 28 Mil. L. Rev. 7 (1965)

Austin H. MacCormick & Victor H. Evjen, Statistical Study of 24,000 Military Prisoners, 10 Fed. Probation 6 (April-June 1946)

Herbert F. Marguiles, The Articles of War, 1920: The History of a Forgotten Reform, Military Affairs 43, no. 2 (April 1979): 85-89

Maurer Maurer, Military Justice Under General Washington, 287 Military Affairs 8 (Spring 1964): 8-16

Edmund Morgan, The Background of the Uniform Code of Military Justice,  Vand. L. Rev. 169 (1952)

_______________, The Existing Court-Martial System and the Ansell Army Articles, 29 Yale L.J. 52 (1919)

William A. Moorman, Fifty Years of Military Justice: Does the Uniform Code of Military Justice Need To Be Changed?, 48 A.F. L. Rev. 185 (2000)

Homer E. Moyer, Jr., Procedural Rights of the Military Accused: Advantages Over the Civilian Defendant, 22 Me. L. Rev. 104 (1970)

Bradley J. Nicholson, Courts-Martial In The Legion Army: American Military Law In The Early Republic, 1792-1796, 144 Mil. L. Rev. 77 (1994)

M.J. Prichard, The Army Act and Murder Abroad, 1954 Camb. L.J. 232 (1954)

Robert O. Rollman, Of Crimes, Courts-Martial and Punishment–A Short History of Military Justice, 11 A.F. L. Rev. 212 (1969)

Robert Sherrill, Military Justice is to Justice as Military Music is to Music (1971)

James Snedeker, A Brief History of Courts-Martial (1954)

_______________, Developments in the Law of Naval Justice, 23 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1 (1947)

J.C.A. Stagg, Freedom and Subordination: Disciplinary Problems in the U.S. Army During the War of 1812, The Journal of Military History 78, no. 2 (April 2014): 537-74.

Arthur E. Sutherland, Edmund Morris Morgan: Lawyer-Professor, Citizen-Soldier, 28 Mil. L. Rev.  2 (1965)

Mark Vargas, The Military Justice System and the Use of Illegal Punishments as Causes of Desertion in the U.S. Army, 1821-1835, Military Affairs 43, no. 2 (April 1979): 85-89.

Frederick B. Weiner, The Seamy Side Of the World War I Court-Martial Controversy, 123 Mil. L. Rev. 109 (1989)

_______________, American Military Law In the Light Of the First Mutiny Act’s Tricentennial, 126 Mil. L. Rev. 1 (1989)

Luther C. West, They Call it Justice (1977)

Guy A. Zogby, Is There a Military Common Law of Crimes, 27 Mil. L. Rev. 75 (1965)

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George B. Davis, A Treatise of the Military Law of the United States (1915)

William C. DeHart, Observations on Military Law, and the Constitution and Practice of Courts-Martial (1846)

Alexander Macomb, The Practice of Courts-Martial (1841)

John O’Brien, A Treatise on American Military Laws, and Practice of Courts-Martial (1848)

Alexander Tytler, An Essay on Military Law, and the Practice of Courts-Martial (1800)

William W. Winthrop, Military Law and Precedents (1886)

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United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces

Alfred Avins, New Light on the Legislative History of Desertion Through Fraudulent Enlistment: The Decline of the United States Court of Military Appeals, 46 Minn. L. Rev. 69 (1961)

Myron L. Birnbaum, The Effect of Recent Supreme Court Decisions on Military Law, 36 Fordham L. Rev. 153 (1967)

Daniel H. Benson, The United States Court of Military Appeals, 3 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 1 (1971)

Stephen L. Buescher & Donald N. Zillman, The Court of Military Appeals: A Survey of Recent Decisions, 59 Mil. L. Rev. 175 (1973)

Rodrigo M. Caruço, Treating Members of the Military at Least as Well as Inmates and Students: Determining When Military Necessity Requires Infringing Upon Constitutional Rights in Cases Before the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, 44 U. Mem. L. Rev. 61 (2015)

_______________, In Order to Form a More Perfect Court: A Quantitative Measure of the Military’s Highest Court’s Success As a Court of Last Resort, 41 Vt. L. Rev. 71 (2016)

John S. Cooke, The United States Court of Military Appeals, 1975-1977: Judicializing the Military Justice System, 76 Mil. L. Rev. 43 (1977)

Benjamin Feld, Development of the Review and Survey Powers of the United States Court of Military Appeals, 12 Mil. L. Rev. 177 (1961)

Eugene R. Fidell, If a Tree Falls in the Forest…”: Publication and Digesting Policies and the Potential Contribution of Military Courts to American Law, 32 JAG J. 1 (1982)

_______________, Is There a Crisis in Military Appellate Justice?, 12 Roger Williams U.L. Rev. 820 (2007)

Robert J. Finan & Joseph E. Vorbach, The Court of Military Appeals and the Bill of Rights, 36 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 435 (1967)

William F. Fratcher, Presidential Power to Regulate Military Justice: A Critical Study of the Decisions of the Court of Military Appeals, 34 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 861 (1959)

George W. Latimer, Military Justice, 45 Law. Lib. J. 148 (1952)

_______________, Good Cause in Petitions for Review, 6 Vand. L. Rev. 163 (1953)

Jonathan Lurie, Presidential Preferences and Aspiring Appointees: Selections to the U.S. Court of Military Appeals 1951-1968, 29 Wake Forest L. Rev. 521 (1994)

James Pfander, Article I Tribunals, Article III Courts, and the Judicial Power of the United States, 118 Harvard L. Rev. 643 (2004)

Robert E. Quinn, The Court’s Responsibility, 6 Vand. L. Rev. 161 (1953)

________________, The United States Court of Military Appeals and Individual Rights in the Military Service, 35 Notre Dame L. Rev. 491 (1960)

________________, The United States Court of Military Appeals and Military Due Process, 35 St. John’s U.L. Rev. 225 (1961)

Scott Sillman, The Supreme Court and its Impact on the Court of Military Appeals, 18 A.F. L. Rev. 81 (1976)

Jay Thoman, The Military’s Approach to Appellate Law, 12 J. App. Prac. & Process 283 (2011)

Daniel Walker & C. George Niebank, The Court of Military Appeals — Its History, Organization, and Operation, 6 Vand. L. Rev. 228 (1953)

Daniel Walker, An Evaluation of the United States Court of Military Appeals, 48 Nw. U. L. Rev. 714 (1954)

John T. Willis, The United States Court of Military Appeals: Its Origin, Operations and Future, 55 Mil. L. Rev. 39 (1972)

_____________, The Constitution, The Court of Military Appeals, and the Future, 57 Mil. L. Rev. 27 (1972)

_____________, The United States Court of Military Appeals – ‘Born Again’, 52 Indiana L. Rev. 151 (1976)

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